New research published by the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission and the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) holds insights for Ireland’s post-COVID work environment, by looking at the realities of people’s access to decent work before the pandemic.
The report entitled “Monitoring Decent Work in Ireland” sets out how young people, people with disabilities, Travellers and East European migrants are at much higher risk of disadvantage around employment, and have less access to what the International Labour Organisation defines as decent work.
It highlights how these groups have seen consistent inequalities in access to employment, job security and seniority.
Key Equality Findings:
- Regarding security and stability of work, one third (33 per cent) of younger workers (18-24) had a temporary contract, compared to 6 per cent of 25-64 year olds in 2019.
- 34 percent of the general workforce worked in a professional/managerial job, but only 14 per cent of Eastern European workers.
- The employment rate for people with disabilities (41 per cent) was 32 percentage points below the national average (73 per cent), highlighting a significant gap in employment.
- Census data on ethnicity and religion for 2016 reveals high unemployment rates among Black and Muslim respondents relative to others, though unemployment rates among Irish Travellers, at 80 per cent, were highest of all the groups measured.
- Just over one fifth (22 per cent) of employees had low hourly pay (defined as less than €12.16 per hour in 2019). Low hourly pay rates were much more common among some groups: 60 per cent of young workers (aged 18-24), 38 per cent of Eastern European migrants and 32 per cent of lone parents.
- 20 percent ethnic minority workers reported discrimination in the workplace, almost three times the average rate of discrimination (7 per cent). 14 per cent of workers with a disability experienced workplace discrimination and 11 per cent of non-Irish workers.
- Over a period of labour market growth (2014-2019), while group differences were maintained, employment rates grew for many of these groups, including younger workers, non-EU migrants, lone parents and those with lower educational qualifications. This highlights the importance of the availability of jobs and growth in the labour market for different groups’ ability to realise the right to work.
Sinéad Gibney, Chief Commissioner of the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission stated:
“This research shines new light on the ways people of different genders, ages, family status, experience of disability and race are treated when it comes to paid employment.
“As Ireland moves carefully out of the pandemic, this data should assist policy makers to ensure that decent work is prioritised to deliver fair incomes, workplace security, social protection, freedom to organise, and participation in the decisions that affect our lives.
“Examining decent work from a rights-based perspective, considering minimum standards of work, representation and non-discrimination is important to expand our understanding the labour market, particularly how exclusion from paid work and poor-quality work are threats to realising other human rights, such as health and housing.”
The full report can be accessed here